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历年真题

2014年公共英语专升本考试真题

时间:2015-03-09 浏览次数:1684次

1._____difficulties they may come across, they’ll help one another to overcome them.
  A. Whatever B. Whenever C. However D. Wherever
  2. Education cannot be _____in any country.
  A. rejected B. deleted C. neglected D. refused
  3. Although it’s tough finding a job these days, Henry got a _____in a famous company.
  A. place B. position C. post D. patch
  4. The doctor said that mental _____is the major cause of his sleeping problem.
  A. tension B. sadness C. anger D. relaxation
  5.______comes back first is supposed to win the prize.
  A. One who B. Whoever C. Anyone D. Those who
  6. The last time I saw her was ______my brother’s wedding ceremony three years ago.
  A. to B. at C. in D. during
  7. I have two children but ______of them likes fruits.
  A. none B. either C. neither D. both
  8. He might have been killed ______the arrival of the police.
  A. except for B. with C. for D. but for
  9. Some areas, ______their severe weather conditions, are sparsely populated.
  A. due to B. but for C. in spite of D. with regard to
  10. Many teenagers feel no difficulty ______ computer.
  A. to learn B. learn C. in learning D. learned
  11. No agreement was ______in the discussion as neither side would give way to the other.
  A. arrived B. obtained C. reached D. gained
  12. A loud noise _______my attention from cooking and everything was burnt.
  A. divided B. diverted C. focused D. separated
  13. Henry planned to visit _______country besides England.
  A. some other B. every other C. several other D. other
  14. Before using your new pressure cooker, read the following _______ carefully.
  A. notices B. orders C. advertisement D. instructions
  15. It is very expensive to ______the fashion.
  A. go along with B. get on with
  C. keep up with D. carry on with
  16. If I have a good sleep I’ll be _______to work out the problem.
   A. possible B. able C. capable D. reasonable
  17. If you get into difficulties, don’t hesitate to ______help.
  A. ask about B. ask after C. ask for D. ask in
  18. All of them are _______at Lana’s achievement.
  A. amazed B. interested C. fond D. proud
  19. The football match was _______on account of rain.
  A. called up B. called on C. called off D. called for
  20. Students should develop a good attitude ______tests.
  A. for B. with C. on D. towards
  21. I’m ______in this argument: I don’t care who wins.
   A. natural B. central C. neutral D. middle
  22. She passed me in the street, but took no ______of me.
  A. attention B. watch C. sight D. notice
  23. Only in this way _______get rid of your headache.
  A. can you B. you can C. you will D. do you
  24. Tolerance ______respecting the opinions of others.
  A. consists in B. consists of C. insists on D. depends on
  25. The weather was good except for an ______shower.
  A. optional B. intentional C. additional D. occasional
  26. He had his book _______at his own expense.
  A. print B. printed C. to print D. printing
  27. Patients’ bills of rights require that they _______informed about their condition and about alternatives for treatment.
  A. are B. might be C. should be D. were
  28. He studies so hard to avoid _______at the bottom of the class.
  A. finishing B. to finish C. finished D. finish
  29. I thought you might be tired, ______is why I decided to help you.
  A. that B. this C. which D. as
  30. No one should blind himself _______the well-known fact.
  A. with B. to C. for D. over
  31. The color of the skirt does not ______that of the coat.
  A. balance B. match C. corresponding D. accord
  32. The boy is eager to ______knowledge in different fields.
  A. accomplish B. absorb C. arrange D. approach
  33. In my bedroom, there is a pair of scissors, a stack of books and ______flowers on my desk.
  A. a piece of B. a pocket of C. a slice of D. a bunch of
  34. Ryan was late for the conference yesterday ______the traffic jam.
   A. because B. since C. for D. because of
  35. As far as the professor _______, college students should get into the habit of studying by themselves.
  A. concern B. concerns C. concerned D. is concerned
  36. We have to get that car fixed _______.
  A. no matter it costs how much B. no matter how much costs it
  C. no matter how much it costs D. no matter how much does it cost
  37. When I was a child, I used ______to the river and bathe in the evening.
  A. to going B. to go C. go D. going
  38. Nobody could ______a satisfactory explanation of the accident.
  A. come up with B. come through C. come upon D. come into
  39. _______my delight, our school football team won the game easily.
   A. In B. Of C. To D. For
  40. _______driving to work, Mr. Lead usually goes to his office downtown by train.
   A. Without B. Instead of C. In case o f D. In spite of
   选择题参考答案:
  1-5 ACBAB 6-10 BCDAC 11-15 CBBDC 16-20 BCACD
   21-25 CDAAD 26-30 BCACB 31-35 BBDDD 36-40CBACB
   Many visitors to the United Kingdom go straight to London and never set foot outside the capital ---which is a pity, for those that do are often surprised at the sheer variety of landscapes___41___within such a small geographical area.__42__you want to see stunning, unspoilt scenery you should __43__spend a few days in one of Britain’s largest areas of protected countryside, a national park.__44__in the second half of the 20th century after popular pressure for access __45__the country’s wilder places, these are now 15 of them throughout the British Isles.
   The biggest is the Cairngorms in northern Scotland, named __46__ some of the country’s highest mountains and the best place for skiing. Pony-trekking, climbing and fishing are also__47__.along with Scotland’s national game, golf.__48__enthusiasts are well rewarded ---this is the home of the red deer, red squirrel and golden eagle. If you don’t like the __49__to the highest point, some 2000 metres__50__sea level, you can take the railway __51__ gets you to the summit in less than ten minutes.__52__the west of the park is another popular natural ___53__,Loch Ness.The lake is over 200 metres __54__ in places, and salmon, trout and eels are in abundance here.
   Over the border in England is the Lake District,__55__made famous by Romantic poets such as William Wordsworth two hundreds years ago. People have been __56__here en mass since 1847 __57__a railway was built to its biggest lake, Windermere.__58__in the past boats plied its waters__59__stone, timber and wood, today’s craft are more likely to carry __60__on pleasure cruises --- over a million a year, in fact.
  41.A.to findB. to be foundC. findingD. to have found
  42. A. WhileB. AsC. IfD. Since
  43. A. certainlyB. formallyC. normallyD. gradually
  44. A. To createB. CreatingC. CreateD. Created
  45. A. forB. toC. byD. in
  46. A. forB. byC. withD. after
  47. A. pleasantB. favoriteC. popularD. favorable
  48. A. Creature B. WildlifeC. PlantD. Botany
  49. A. way B. roadC. walkD. step
  50. A. belowB. upC. aboveD. under
  51. A. whichB. whatC. whenD. where
  52. A. AtB. OnC. ToD. In
  53. A. interestB. attractionC. pleasureD. place
  54. A. depthB. deeplyC. deepD. deepness
  55. A. recentlyB. latelyC. eventuallyD. originally
  56. A. travelledB. travellingC. travelD. to travel
  57. A. whenB. becauseC. whileD. as
  58. A. AsB. BecauseC. SinceD. While
  59. A. movingB. runningC. transportingD. sending
  60. A. goodsB. materialsC. touristsD. products
  参考答案:
  41-45BCCDB 46-50 DCBAC 51-55 ADBCD 56-60 BADCC
Passage One
  I strongly believe that understanding is more important than love, especially when it comes to parenting and intimate relationships. As a psychologist for more than twenty years I can tell you that I have never had an adult looking back at her childhood and complaining that her parents were too understanding. And similarly, I have met many divorced people who still love each other but yet they never really understood each other.
  The painful reality is love is just not enough. I’ll admit that there are people who I love and who I still need to better understand. I hope I’ll continue my work to understand them. The Last willingness to understand is very important. It is not always easy, but healthy love is strengthened by the willingness to understand. Love without understanding will wilt like flowers without water.
  Our egos are what seem to get in the way of understanding those who we love and care about. Often it is our need to be right that makes what others think and feel so wrong for us. I have certainly been quite guilty of this in some of my relationships.
  As I have written repeatedly in my books, empathy, is truly the emotional glue that holds all close relationships together. Empathy allows us to slow down and try to walk in the shoes of those we love. The deeper our empathy, the deeper---and healthier--- our love. Not all relationships are meant to be. Yet all relationships that are meant to flourish in a healthy way, must stress understanding just as much, if not more, than love.
  61. From the passage we know that _____.
  A. the author complains about her parents’ being too understanding
  B. the author has been studying marriages for more than 20 years
  C. People divorced mainly because they didn’t love each other
  D. Some people divorced because they couldn’t understand each other
  62. Why are we unable to understand the others sometimes?
  A. Because we are caring the others too much
  B. Because it is quite difficult to understand the others
  C. Because we believe we are always right
  D. Because the others have done something wrong
  63. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
  A. Understanding is more important to parenting relationship than to other intimate relationships
  B. Understanding is less important than love as far as marriage is concerned
  C. Understanding is more important than love to some degree
  D. Understanding is more often neglected in parenting relationship
  64. If we are to understand our partners, we should firstly ____?
  A. Have willing to do so B. Have love for them
  C. Get into connection with them D. Care about them
  65. In this passage, the expression “walk in the shoes of” is similar in meaning to_____.
  A. befriend B. understand C. love D. care about
  Passage Two
   Finally, the Christmas season is over. We can take a long breath, put up our feet, sip from a cup of good tea and relax. The frenzy, starting from Black Friday right after Thanksgiving until Christmas Eve, of gift shopping, buying, wrapping, giving, receiving, opening, returning...is exhaustive and time-consuming, but it takes place every year.
  There is considerable difference between the cultures in China and western countries when it comes to gift giving, In China, it is not polite to open a gift in front of the gift giver, and gift is only looked at after the guest has left. Here in America, gift givers always wrap their gifts, large or small, priceless or valueless, carefully and decorate them with colorful ribbons and little pretty paper flowers; and the lucky receiver is expected to open the gift right away in front of the giver, with great eagerness and curiosity, and should always express appreciation with the all time truthful comment, “always wanted” gifts back to the store to exchange for something they really wanted.
   Finding a gift for somebody, even a close family member, you’ll have to know what the person likes and shop for days before you can locate the perfect gift. But, still the person may not like the gift from you. Nowadays, stores would provide two copies of the receipts for anything they sell as a gift, one of which is included in the gift packaged so that the receiver can come back for an exchange. I know, it was unthinkable to cash out gift you get, but, times are different. Another good way to avoid all that shopping hassle is to purchase a gift card from one of the stores and send it to your niece, nephews, or a family member, so that they can get whatever they want or even keep the money.
  66. Finding a gift for somebody is a(n)_____.
  A. easy job B. tough task C. must-be job D. arranged task
  67. It is quite ____for Chinese people to open the gift in front of the givers.
  A. usual B. normal C. abnormal D. unusual
  68. Gift giving is the same thing in China and America in that____
  A. people spend a lot of time preparing a gift
  B. people would cash out the gift immediately
  C. people are eager to open to get a gift from a friend
  D. people are less willing to give gifts
  69. Which of the following is the author’s suggestion?
  A. Open the gift immediately in front of the giver
  B. Wrap the gift carefully
   C. Express the appreciation for the gift you receive
  D. Buying a present card to avoid the trouble in shopping
  70. The author’s attitude towards gift giving is_____.
   A. Indifferent B. protesting C. objective D. supportive
  参考答案:
  61-65DCCAB 66-70 BDADC
Passage Three
  They already guide blind and disabled people; now dogs are to be trained to help people with dementia(痴呆).The duties of these “guide dogs for the mind” will include reminding their owners to take medication, as well as encouraging them to eat, drink and sleep at regular intervals.
  The dementia dogs will be trained to respond to sound triggers in the home that prompt them to perform tasks. These could include delivering a bite-proof bag of medicine with a note inside reminding the patient to take it, or walking them up in the morning.
  The idea was developed by design students at the Glasgow School of Art and will now be put into practice by Alzheimer’s Scotland and Dogs for the disabled.
  Joyce Gray of Alzheimer’s Scotland said: “people in the early stages of dementia are still able to live a relative normal life, and dogs help to maintain routine.”
  The other advantage of using the pets as companions is that conversation can be increasingly confusing for people with Alzheimer’s ,but dogs can give them a sense of silent support and companionship. People light up when they see animals. They don’t need to communicate verbally but they can still interact. You can have a speechless bond.
  The dog would also encourage the owner to take them out for walks, ensuring they keep exercising and interacting with other people.
  71. As is mentioned in the passage, the guide dogs will do the following except for _______.
  A. helping ensure the owner doing some exercises
  B. reminding the owner to take medicine
  C. Communicating with the owner in a non-verbal way
  D. Helping the owner recover from the illness
  72. Who will train the dogs to perform such tasks?
  A. The students who developed the idea. B. The owners of the dogs.
  C. The experts in Alzheimer’s Scotland. D. It is not mentioned in the passage.
  73. What is true about the people suffering from dementia?
  A. They would like to say with other people.
   B. They can maintain routine.
  C. They will gradually lose the ability to live a normal life.
   D. They would like to talk in a different way.
  74. The guide dogs helping the people with dementia will _______.
  A. respond to the owners order
  B. respond to a sound device
  C. act on the owners instructions
  D. act on the trainers order
  75. Having a conversation with people with dementia will be _______.
  A. difficult B. interesting C. confusing D. encouraging
  Passage Four
  It seems obvious that you don’t give away your product for free but this is exactly what indie rock group the Crimea did earlier this year. The Crimea did earlier this year. The band’s reasoning goes like this: more people will download the free album than would pay for it. Therefore more people will hear The Crimea’s music. These people will then pay money for concerts by the band and perhaps buy a T-shirt or other merchandise. If the band play regular concerts to crowds of 200 or 300 people the can make more money than they would from sales of a CD. There will always be some [people who want something they can hold in their hands so they will release the CD into the shops too-- but making money through sales of their music isn’t the top priority.
  The story illustrates the creative thinking going on in the music business in response to dramatic changes over the last few years in the way that people buy music. Sales of music digitally --to computer, phones and MP3 players rose to $2 billion in 2006 -- an increase of almost 100 percent on the previous year -- yet overall record company sales are down. People are simply not buy CDs in record shops in anything like the numbers the\y used to.
  This trend looks set to continue so the big question for the music industry is whether they can successfully manage the move to being primarily a digital industry without profits falling to unacceptable levels.
  There are both positive and negative signs. On the plus side, more and more people are buying music on mobile phones, which allows people to make impulse purchases -- they can buy a song as soon as they hear it. Research by the UK Mobile operator 3 suggested that 75 percent of 16 to 24-year-olds wanted to buy a track they liked as soon as they heard it. With so much competition for people’s disposable income, a product that you can sell immediately is a big advantage.
  The bad news for record companies, however, is the mount of music that is downloaded illegally. Piracy --- usually in the form of cheaply copied CD ---has long been an issue for the music business but the internet means music can be copied and distributed freely through file-sharing sites on a large scale than ever before.
  It is this situation that leads bands to start giving away their music for free and promises to make the next few years a very interesting time in the music business.
  76. What is unusual about the Crimea’s business plan?
  A. Their business was given away free on the Internet.
  B. They give CDs away free in shops.
  C. They played free concerts.
  D. They charged more for their CDs.
  77. The Crimea hope to make money _______.
  A. through CD sales
  B. by giving concerts and selling T-shirts and other merchandise
  C. by selling merchandise on the internet
  D. though sales of merchandise in shops
  78. The Crimea also released CDs for sale in shops because _______.
  A. People who attend their concerts need them
   B. they want to make extra money
   C. there are still people who prefer CDs to other formats
  D. People who fail to attend their concerts need them
  79. What is true about sales of music over the last year?
  A. overall, sales are up on last year.
  B. .overall, sales are down on last year.
  C. there is no change compared to previous sales.
  D. It is not mentioned in the passage.
  80. What effect has the internet had on music piracy?
  A. It has made it easier to fight piracy.
  B. It has increased the number of pirate CDs available.
  C. It has made it easier to illegally copy music.
  D. It has reduced the number of pirate CDs available.
  参考答案:
  71-75 DCCBC 76-80 ABCBC
 81. 她喜欢看书时听音乐。
  82. 我们认为节约用水非常重要。
  83. 我想知道他把表送给谁了。
  84.所有的公共场所都应完全禁止吸烟。
  85. 事实胜于雄辩。
  86. It is quite typical of him to be late.
  87. It’s no good learning English without practice.
  88. Man was, is and always will be trying to improve his living conditions.
  89. An idle youth, a needy age.
  90. The doctor will get more practice out of me than out of ten ordinary patients.
  参考答案:
  四、翻译:81.She enjoys listening to music while reading.
   82.We believe it is very important to save water.
   83.I wonder whom he gave the watch to.
   84.Smoking should be completely banned in all public places.
   85.Actions speak louder than words.
   86.迟到是他的典型风格。
   87.学英语不实践是没用的。
   88.人类无论过去、现在、还是将来都会一直努力改善生活条件。
   89.少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。
   90.医生从我身上得到的实践,要比从10个普通病人身上得到的实践还多。
  五、改错:91.B-that 92.C-excited
   93.A-Having 94.D-be put on
   95.D-distracted 96.D-acceptance
   97.C-who 98.B-deadly
  99.A-wounded 100.C-do
  六、作文: It is time to stop doodling
  From the picture, we can discover that a man is still carving “I have already travelled here” with a knife on the door of his own house after his return from a trip. Therefore, we can safely come to a conclusion that people tend to be doing some damage to the environment while traveling.
   Why does this phenomenon take place? Several factors could account for it. To begin with, it is clear that people aren’t aware of the importance of protecting the environment when they travel. What’s more, most people are in the bad habit of leaving something in their scenic spot, of which their doodle is given the priority. Last but not least, the regulations and rules are not strict and specific enough in the travel destination .
   In view of the seriousness of this issue, it is crucial that relevant laws and regulations be worked out to solve the problem. Meanwhile, people should be educated to pay special attention to environment protection while travelling. With joint efforts, I believe the bad phenomenon will be a thing of the past.


 

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