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历年真题

2012年公共英语专升本真题

时间:2015-03-09 浏览次数:1461次

 2012年河南省普通高等学校
选拔优秀专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试
公共英语
注意事项:
答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考场号、座位号、考生号涂写在答题卡上。
本卷的试题答案应答在答题卡上,答在卷上无效。
Part I Vocabulary and Structure (1×40)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence, and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 
1. The police are _____ for the thief in the region now.
 A. running B. reaching  C. searching D. charging
2. What is the reason for on time?
A. not your coming B. you not come
C. your not coming D. you not to come
3. The college is planning to offer more English courses to _______ the needs of beginners of English.
A. meet with B. meet C. supply D. satisfy with
4. He kept silent, so I couldn’t know ______ he agreed ______ not.
A. if; or B. whether; or C. either; or D. neither; nor
5. He had never given a speech to so many people, so he felt _______.
A. exciting B. stupid C. disappointed D. nervous
6. Once you arrive in a new place, you’d better ¬¬______ the local custom.
A. keep B. make C. follow D. return
7. The manner____ which he talked reminded us____ his grandfather.
A. on; towards B. at; in C. for; by D. in; of
8. All of us still remember the terrible earthquake that _______ Wenchuan four years ago.
A. interrupted B. struck C. knocked D. exploded
9. —Our holiday cost a lot of money.
—Did it? Well, that doesn’t matter _______ you enjoyed yourselves.
A. unless B. as far as C. as long as D. until
10. I didn’t hear____ because there was too much noise where I was sitting.
A. what did he say B. what he said 
C. what was he saying D. what for him to say
11. I found her sitting in the corner, reading _____ newspaper, with _____ in her eyes.
A. a; tear B. a piece; tears C. a; tears D. a piece of; tear
12. ________ you decide to do, you should try to make it a success.
A. If only B. Unless C. Wherever D. Whatever
13. So loudly _______ that all the people in the room got a fright.
A. he shouted B. shout he C. did he shout D. he did shout
14. Let’s put the matter to the vote and not waste our time arguing about it, ____?
A. shall we B. can we C. may I D. will you
15. Your children must stop ______ me by asking for candy all day long. I am ______ every day by the slow bus service in this town.
A. annoyed; annoying B. to annoy; annoying
C. annoying; annoying D. annoying; annoyed
16. He _______ by his sister at that moment.
A. happened to see B. was happened to see
C. was happened to be seen D. happened to be seen
17. We consider _______ the machine should be adjusted each time it is used.
A. that it necessary B. necessary it that 
C. it that necessary D. it necessary that
18. —“ I don’t drink coffee at all.”
—“ _______.”
A. So don’t I B. I do either C. Nor I do D. Neither do I
19. He made another wonderful discovery, _______ of great importance to science.
A. which I think is B. which I think it is
C. which I think it D. I think is
20. His fellow workers saw him fall down and blood came out from the open _____.
 A. wound B. injury  C. hurt D. damage
2A. beat B. beats C. beating D. beaten
22. —You should have thanked her before you left.
—I meant _______, but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere.
A. to do B. to C. doing D. doing so
23. He is the sort of businessman who would do anything in his____ of profit.
A. pursuit B. catch C. grasp D. master
24. Either of _______ is quite capable of the work.
A. girl B. the girls C. girls D. the girl
25. This treatment works for people of all ages, for the baby ______ for the old man.
A. as far as B. as much as C. as long as D. as well as
26. I like watching TV____ to the cinema.
A. more than to go B. than going 
C. more than going D. rather than to go
27. Until then, his family _______ from him for six months.
A. didn’t hear B. hasn’t been hearing
C. hasn’t heard D. hadn’t heard
28. — “Have you finished reading the novel?”
— “Not yet. I’m afraid I need____ couple of days to finish it.”
A. several B. another C. some other D. other
29. I’d like to see him in my office____ he arrives.
A. for the moment B. the moment 
C. in a moment D. at any moment
30. A new technique____, the output as a whole increased by 20 percent
1. She heard a continual strange noise coming from the next room, her heart____fast.
A. working out B. having worked out 
C. to have been worked out D. having been worked out
31. Tom’s bedroom was in a____, for books and papers were here and there.
A. litter B. disorder C. rubbish D. mess
32. A car_____Jane’s cat and sped away.
A. ran over B. ran into C. ran through D. ran down
33. _______ idea of _______ sounds much better than Clare’s.
A. The; hers B. That; her C. That; her’s D. One; her
34. I made this myself but it was _______ who taught me.
A. he B. him C. himself D. by him
35. It was in the factory_____ you worked five years ago___ you learned the technique.
A. that; where B. where; when C. where; where D. where; that
36. We must get there before 7 o’clock. That’s____ we have to start so early.
A. the reason that B. the reason for why C. why that D. why
37. You can only fly to London this evening ___you don’t mind changing planes in Paris.
A. except B. provided C. although D. where
38. _______ looked up in alarm.
A. All the present women B. All the women present
C. The all women present D. The all present women
39. The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, _______ the quality of life is probably one of the highest.
A. since B. when C. as D. while
40. —Do you like the material?
—Yes, it _______ very soft.
A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt
Part II Cloze (1×20)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 
He has been called the “missing link”. Half-man, half-beast. He is supposed to live in the highest mountain in the world—Mount Everest.
He is known as the Abominable Snowman. The 41 of the Snowman has been around for 42 . Climbers in the 1920s reported finding marks like those of human feet high up on the side of Mount Everest. The native people said they 43 this creature and called it the “Yeti” , and they said that they had 44 caught Yetis on two occasions 45 none has ever been produced an evidence.
Over the years, the story of the Yetis has 46 . In 1951, Eric Shipton took photographs of a set of tracks in the snow of Everest. Shipton believed that they were not 47 the tracks of a monkey or bear and 48 that the Abominable Snowman might really 49 .
Further efforts have been made to find out about Yetis. But the only things people have ever found were 50 footprints. Most believe the footprints are nothing more than 51 animal tracks, which had been made 52 as they melted and refroze in the snow. 53 , in 1964, a Russian scientist said that the Abominable Snowman was 54 and was a remaining link with the prehistoric humans. But 55 , no evidence has ever 56 been produced.
These days, only a few people continue to take the story of the Abominable Snowman 57 . But if they ever 58 catching one, they may face a real 59 : Would they put it in a 60 or give it a room in a hotel?
41.A. event B. story C. adventure D. description
42. A. centuries B. too long C. some time D. many years
43. A. heard from B. cared for C. knew of D. read about
44. A. even B. hardly C. certainly D. probably
45. A. as B. though C. when D. until
46. A. developed B. changed C. occurred D. continued
47. A. entirely B. naturally C. clearly D. simply
48. A. found B. declared C. felt D. doubted
49. A. exist B. escape C. disappear D. return
50. A. clearer B. more C. possible D. rare
51. A. huge B. recent C. ordinary D. frightening
52. A. strange B. large C. deep D. rough
53. A. In the end B. Therefore C. After all D. However
54. A. imagined B. real C. special D. familiar
55. A. so B. besides C. again D. instead
56. A. rightly B. actually C. normally D. particularly
57. A. lightly B. jokingly C. seriously D. properly
58. A. succeed in B. insist on C. depend on D. join in
59. A. decision B. situation C. subject D. problem
60. A. zoo B. mountain C. museum D. laboratory
Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (2×20)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice, and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Passage One
I’m a Chinese student studying in Canada. I have been a boarder with the Carsons for more than a year and a half.
The Carsons live in their own house, which has four bedrooms including the one in the basement which I live in. Judy does all the work in the house and Andrew is responsible for the work in the garden. When they go out in the evening, they often ask me to look after their children.
Judy’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Morris, lived in another city. Judy was their only child and naturally they doted on (溺爱) Judy’s children. They often sent the children presents.
Last April Mr. Morris died. Now that Mrs. Morris was quite alone, I expected that Judy would want her to come and live with them. One day, Margaret told me grandma was coming to live with them and her daddy and mummy would want my room back. The news didn’t surprise me and the next day I went to Judy and asked her about it. I said I couldn’t think of living in their basement room any longer if it was needed for Mrs. Morris. Judy seemed surprised at first. Then she told me there was no need for me to move, for they hadn’t yet come to any decision about her mother coming to live with them. “Naturally I’m worried about my mother. She has been in poor health.” She smiled sadly and added. “To be honest, Andrew and my mother have never got on well. We’ll wait a bit and see what happens. Perhaps Mother will be all right living herself, or perhaps they will both change their minds.”
That was six months ago. During this time I’ve heard that Mrs. Morris has had two
That was six months ago. During this time I’ve heard that Mrs. Morris has had two illnesses and that her health has got worse. A nursing home was mentioned once but Mrs. Morris refused to go there. So up to now she’s still living alone and I’m still living in the basement room.
61. What is the relationship between the speaker and the Carsons?
A. He is a brother of Andrew Carson.
B. He is a close friend of the Carsons.
C. He is a relative of Judy Carson.
D. He is a student who pays to live and have meals at the Carsons’ house.
62. Why did the speaker expect Mrs. Morris to come to live with her daughter?
A. Because Mr. Morris was dead.
B. Because Mrs. Morris suffered from illness.
C. Because Mrs. Morris lived all by herself.
D. Because of all the reasons mentioned in A, B and C.
63. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Mrs. Morris loved her grandchildren very much.
B. Judy had no brothers or sisters to look after her mother.
C. Mrs. Morris was coming to live with the Carsons, so they asked the speaker to move.
D. The Carsons once suggested that Mrs. Morris go to live in a nursing home.
64. Why didn’t Mrs. Morris come to live with her daughter’s family?
A. Because she did not have a good relationship with her son-in-law.
B. Because she did not want to leave her own house.
C. Because she was in rather poor health and could not come.
D. Because the speaker lived in the basement room and there was no other room for her to live in.
65. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. Family Relationships in Canada B. The Boarder
C. My Landlady D. Nursing Homes and the Aged
Passage Two
Overhead bridges are found in many parts of Beijing, especially in places where traffic is very heavy and crossing the road is dangerous.
The purpose of these bridges is to enable pedestrians to cross roads safely. Overhead bridges are used in very much the same way as zebra crossings. They are more efficient although less convenient because people have to climb up a long flight of steps. This is inconvenient especially to older people. When pedestrians use an overhead bridge, they do not hold up traffic. However, when they cross a busy road using a zebra crossing, traffic is held up. This is why the government has built many overhead bridges to help pedestrians and to keep traffic moving at the same time.
The government of Beijing has spent a large amount of money on building these bridges. For their own safety, pedestrians should be encouraged to use them instead of risking their lives by dashing across the road. Old people, however, may find it a little difficult climbing up and down the steps, but it is still much safer than walking across the road with all the danger of moving traffic.
Overhead bridges serve a very useful purpose. Pedestrians, both old and young, should make it a habit to use them. This will prevent unnecessary accidents and loss of life.
66. What is the advantage of overhead bridges mentioned in this passage?
A. They are safer for pedestrians and can keep traffic moving at the same time.
B. Pedestrians can climb up and have a view of the city.
C. Taller trucks can pass under them.
D. They are easier and more convenient for the pedestrians.
67. Why were overhead bridges built in Beijing?
A. Because they save money for the government.
B. Because they provide an easy way for the drivers to cross the road.
C. Because they prevent traffic from being held up.
D. Because they save time for the pedestrians.
68. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Overhead bridges are found in places where traffic is heavy.
B. Overhead bridges are only found in the centre of Beijing.
C. Overhead bridges are found in many parts of big cities in China.
D. Overhead bridges are found in every part of Beijing.
69. The underlined part “a zebra crossing” probably means _______.
A. a safe place across a road for older people to rest in
B. a wild animal from Africa that looks like a horse with broad dark brown and white stripes on its body
C. a safe place across a road for zebras to walk across the road
D. a safe place across a road for pedestrians to walk across the road
70. What is the writer’s attitude towards overhead bridges?
A. It is inconvenient for older people to walk across the road.
B. To build overhead bridges is the business of the government.
C. An overhead bridge is more beautiful than a zebra crossing.
D. It is much safer for pedestrians though climbing up and down the steps may be a little difficult.
Passage Three
There was a time when, if a lady got onto a crowded bus or train, a gentleman would immediately stand up and offer her his seat. No more, though. Today, a gentleman will probably look out of the window, or, if he feels a bit guilty, hide behind his newspaper. Either way, the lady will have to stand until someone else gets off.
You can’t entirely blame men for this change in manners. The days are gone when women could be referred to as the weaker sex. A whole generation of women has grown up demanding equality with men; not just equality in jobs or education, but in social attitudes. Hold a door open for some women and you’re likely to get an angry lecture on treating women as inferiors (能力低下的人) unable to open door for themselves. Take a girl out for a meal and she’ll probably insist on paying her share of the bill; though on second thoughts perhaps that’s not such a bad idea.
It’s no wonder, then, that men have given up some of the gestures of politeness and consideration which they used to show towards women. On the other hand, automatic male (men) politeness is perhaps slowly being replaced by true consideration for the needs of women, so that men can see women as equal human beings.
Maybe that’s worth standing in the bus or train.
71. Today, when a lady gets on a crowded bus or train, a gentleman would probably _______.
A. stand up and offer her his seat B. read his newspaper
C. look out of the window D. not stand up and offer her his seat
72. What men do towards women on a crowded bus or train is _______.
A. really bad B. strange enough
C. not entirely wrong D. entirely wrong
73. The new generation of women wants to be _______.
A. treated not as the weaker sex B. treated as the weaker sex
C. cared for on buses and trains D. better treated than before
74. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT correct? 
A. Some women may get angry if you open the door for them.
B. Girls don’t want you to pay for meal at all.
C. Some women may criticize you if you show too much politeness to them.
D. A girl may be unhappy if you insist on paying her share of the bill.
75. From this passage, we know that_______.
A. women need true consideration of their needs and feelings
B. men have given up some politeness they used to show to women
C. women often get angry if you’re polite to them
D. women should stand in the bus or train
Passage Four
“Family” is of course an elastic word. But when British people say that their society is based on family life, they are thinking of “family” in its narrow, peculiarly European sense of mother, father and children living together in their own house as an economic and social unit. Thus, every British marriage indicates the beginning of a new and independent family — hence the tremendous importance of marriage in British life.
For both the man and the woman, marriage means leaving one’s parents and starting one’s own life. The man’s first duty will then be to his wife, and the wife’s to her husband. He will be entirely responsible for her financial support, and she for the running of the new home. Their children will be their common responsibility and theirs alone. Neither the wife’s parents nor the husband’s, nor their brothers or sisters, aunts or uncles, have any right to interfere with them — they are their own masters.
Readers of novels like Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice will know that in former times marriage among wealthy families was arranged by the girl’s parents, that is, it was the parents’ duty to find a suitable husband for their daughter, preferably a rich one, and by skillful encouragement to lead him eventually to ask their permission to marry her. Until that time, the girl was protected and maintained in the parents’ home, and the financial relief of getting rid of her could be seen in their giving the newly married pair a sum of money called a dowry(嫁妆). It is very different today. Most girls of today get a job when they leave school and become financially independent before their marriage. This has had two results: a girl chooses her own husband, and she gets no dowry.
76. What does the author mean by “ ‘Family’ is ‘Family’ is of course an elastic word”?
A. Different families have different ways of life.
B. Different nations have different families.
C. Different definitions could be given to the word.
D. Different times produce different families.
77. For an English family, the husband’s duty is _______.
A. supporting the family while the wife is financial
B. financial while the wife is running the home
C. defending the family while the wife is running the home
D. independent while the wife is dependent
78. Everything is decided in a family _______.
A. by brothers and sisters B. with the help of their parents
C. by the couple D. with the help of aunts and uncles
79. What is TRUE concerning the book Pride and Prejudice?
A. It is the best book on marriage.
B. It is a handbook of marriage.
C. It provides a lot of information of former time wealthy families.
D. It gives quite some ideas of English social life in the past.
80. With regard to marriage in Britain, present day girls differ from former time girls in_______.
A. social position B. more parental support
C. choosing husbands D. the right to marry
Part IV Translation (2×10)
Directions: There are 10 sentences in this section. Please translate sentences 81-85 from Chinese into English, and translate sentences 86-90 from English into Chinese. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
81. 你和同学相处得好吗?
82. 使我们失望的是,他没有恪守诺言。
83. 我前天收到了一封用法语写的信。
84. 他年纪轻轻就已经成为了世界上最杰出的艺术家之一。
85. 就是在那个电影院我们第一次相遇。
86. He talks about you nine times out of ten when we have a chat.
87. That’s the last thing I’d expect you to do.
88. Not all the new drugs have been sufficiently tested for safety.
89. We will not make greater progress unless we face up any difficulties bravely.
90. We are used to thinking that women enjoy shopping more than men.
Part V Error Correction (1×10)
Directions: There are 10 sentences. Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. You are required to identify the incorrect part, then write the corresponding letter and the correct answer on the Answer Sheet. 
91. It was kind of him to meet me at the station and drove me to his home.
A B C D
92. A house built of brick lasts longer than the one that is made of woods.
A B C D
93. Neither he nor his two brothers was responsible for the fire which had caused great 
A B C D
losses to the family.
94. The professor’s lecture on grammar was three hours long and Sam felt very boring.
A B C D
95. I asked him where he’d like to go to.
A B C D
96. The climate here is often said to be similar in that of Japan.
A B C D
97. Although he is considered a great writer, but his works are not widely read.
A B C D
98. Without the sun we would freeze to die and starve in almost total darkness.
A B C D
99. Japan, after the Second World War, grew into an industrial country rapid.
A B C D
100. I’m afraid that I have to stop to talk with you because I have to go to the doctor’s for
A B C D
my toothache.
Part VI Writing (1×20)
Directions: Write a composition on the topic The Popularity of Microblog. You should write no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the Chinese outline given below. Please write on the ANSWER SHEET.
The Popularity of Microblog
1. 现代社会利用微博进行交流越来越普遍
2. 微博流行的原因
3. 自己的看法

2012年专升本公共英语真题答案
Part I
题号 答案
1—5 C C B B D
6—10 C D B C B
11—15 C D C A D
16—20 D D D A A
21—25 C B A B D
26—30 C D B B D
31—35 D A A A D
35—40 D B B D C
Part II
题号 答案
41—45 B D C A B
46—50 D D C A B
51—55 C B D B C
56—60 B C A D A
Part III
题号 答案
61—65 D D A B C
66—70 C A D A B
71—75 D C A C A
76—80 B C A C C
Part IV
翻译答案
81. Do you get along well with your classmates?
82. To our disappointment, he didn't keep his promise.
83. I received a letter which had been written in French the day before yesterday.
84. Although he is young, he has been one of the greatest artists in the world.
85. It is at the cinema that we met each other for the first time.
86. 我和他聊天的时候,十次有九次他都要谈到你。
87. 我最不期望你做那件事。
88. 不是所有的药物都进行过充分的安全试验。
89. 除非我们勇敢地面对任何困难,否则我们不会取得更大的进步。
90. 我们习惯性认为,女人比男人更享受购物这件事。
Part V
改错答案:
91. C改为drive。92. C改为that was。93. B改为were。94. D改为bored。
95. D改为go。96. C改为to。97. B删掉。98. C改为death。99. D改为rapidly。
100. B改为talking。
Part VI
The Popularity of Microblog
Micro-blogging is no longer a strange word. More precisely, it has become part of our life.
As for me, many factors contribute to the wide spread of Micro-blogging. First, it is very convenient for people to express their instant feelings at any time. Second, it provides a chance for people to release their inner stress. By revealing their heartfelt emotions on the Micro-blogging, their friends may also know about their conditions and can offer in-time comfort.
However, Micro-blogging can also be potentially dangerous as it may give away people’s privacy and other significant information. All in all
However, Micro-blogging can also be potentially dangerous as it may give away people’s privacy and other significant information. All in all, Micro-blogging provides us comfort and also inevitably some concerns. We should be careful while using it.
The Popularity of Micro-blog
In recent years, Micro-blog has been more and more popular. Precisely, Micro-blog has become part of people’s life. It seems that everybody has a Micro-blog now. It is officially reported that 80% of people is using micro-blog.
Why does this phenomenon take place? several factors contribute to the widespread of Micro-blogging. Firstly, Micro-blog enables people to convey their emotions and individual thoughts more conveniently. Moreover, people can express their instant feelings at any time and anywhere if they have a phone. Last but not least, people can communicate with each other with micro-blog.  
In my opinion, micro-blog provides us comfort. At the same time, we should be careful while using it because micro-blogging can also be potentially dangerous as it may give away people’s privacy and other significant information. In a word, we should use it properly.

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